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Mkuwa Mkuwa Anatipatsa kagwere Grub zomangira

Chinkafunika Kukula: M1.4 - M52, inchi Kukula: 0 # - 2 "

Hexagon zitsulo (Allen), Torx Star, Square, Slotted Drive Mitundu

Lathyathyathya Point, Cup Point, phirilo Point, Dog Point

Other Drive ndi Point Mtundu komanso zilipo ACC. kuchita kasitomala

Various zinthu mopupuluma akumaliza

Various Zofunika Mayeso zilipo

Khalani omasuka kuti alankhule nafe kuti mumve zambiri

A193 B7 kunagwa Hex akapichi Heavy Hex Cap Screws

Standard: ASME / ANSI B18.2.1, ASME / ANSI B18.2.3.7M

(Zosiyanasiyanazo mutu zilipo)

Inchi Kukula: 1/2 "-2.3 / 4" ndi zotalika mosiyanasiyana

Chinkafunika Kukula: 1/2-M72 ndi zotalika mosiyanasiyana

Kalasi: ASTM A193 B7

Mapeto: Black okusayidi, nthaka yokutidwa, nthaka faifi tambala yokutidwa, PTFE etc.

Wazolongedza: chochuluka pafupifupi 25 kgs lililonse katoni, 36 makatoni lililonse mphasa

Ubwino: High Quality ndi Mokhwima Control Quality, Mopikisana Price, pa nthawi yake Kutumiza; Luso Support, Malipoti Wonjezerani Mayeso

Khalani omasuka kuti alankhule nafe kuti mumve zambiri.

ASTM A325 / A325M Heavy Hex Structural Bolts

akapichi The ukunenedwa ntchito kugwirizana structural. kugwirizana izi okutidwa pansi zofunikira za mfundo kwa mafupa kandalama Kugwiritsa ASTM A325 akapichi, wobvomerezedwayo mwa Council Research pa kugwirizana kandalama, adavomereza ndi Institute of Zitsulo Yomanga American ndi Industrial Fastener Institute.

Dimension: ASME B18.2.6 (Inch Size),  ASME B18.2.3.7M (Metric Size)

Thread Size: 1/2″-1.1/2″,  M12-M36, with various lengths

Grade: ASTM A325 / A325M Type-1

Mapeto: Black okusayidi, nthaka Plating, Hot kuviika kanasonkhezereka, Dacromet, ndi zina zotero

Wazolongedza: chochuluka pafupifupi 25 kgs lililonse katoni, 36 makatoni lililonse mphasa

Ubwino: High Quality ndi Mokhwima Control Quality, mtengo mpikisano, yobereka pa nthawi yake; luso thandizo, Malipoti Wonjezerani Mayeso

Khalani omasuka kuti alankhule nafe kuti mumve zambiri.

In 2016, ASTM A325 was officially withdrawn and replaced by ASTM F3125, in which A325 now becomes a grade under the F3125 specification.  The F3125 specification is a consolidation and replacement of six ASTM standards, including; A325, A325M, A490, A490M, F1852, and F2280. 

Prior to its withdrawl in 2016, the ASTM A325 specification covered high strength heavy hex structural bolts from 1/2″ diameter through 1-1/2″ diameter. These bolts are intended for use in structural connections and therefore have shorter thread lengths than standard hex bolts. 

This specification is applicable to heavy hex structural bolts only. For bolts of other configurations and thread lengths with similar mechanical properties, see Specification A449.

Bolts for general applications, including anchor bolts, are covered by Specification A449. Also refer to Specification A449 for quenched and tempered steel bolts and studs with diameters greater than 1-1/2″ but with similar mechanical properties.

 

 

 

ASTM A325M 8S chinkafunika Kukula kunagwa Hex kandalama akapichi

akapichi The ukunenedwa ntchito kugwirizana structural. kugwirizana izi okutidwa pansi zofunikira za mfundo kwa mafupa kandalama Kugwiritsa ASTM A325 akapichi, wobvomerezedwayo mwa Council Research pa kugwirizana kandalama, adavomereza ndi Institute of Zitsulo Yomanga American ndi Industrial Fastener Institute.

 

Gawo: ASME / ANSI B18.2.3.7M

Ulusi Kukula: M12-M36 ndi kutalika zosiyanasiyana

Kalasi: ASTM A325M Mtundu-1

Kalasi chodetsa: A325M 8S

Mapeto: Black okusayidi, nthaka Plating, Hot kuviika kanasonkhezereka, Dacromet, ndi zina zotero

Wazolongedza: chochuluka pafupifupi 25 kgs lililonse katoni, 36 makatoni lililonse mphasa

 

Ubwino: High Quality ndi Mokhwima Control Quality, mtengo mpikisano, yobereka pa nthawi yake; luso thandizo, Malipoti Wonjezerani Mayeso

Khalani omasuka kuti alankhule nafe kuti mumve zambiri.

 

ASTM A193/A193M B7 All yamazinga sitadi akapichi

API 6A 6D Flange Valve Wellhead ASME/ANSI Flange  All Thread Stud Bolts

A lloy zitsulo bolting  for pressure vessels, valves, flanges, and fittings for high temperature or high pressure service, or other special purpose applications.

Standard: IFI-136, ASME B16.5, DIN976

Inchi Kukula: 1/4 "-4" ndi zotalika mosiyanasiyana

Chinkafunika Kukula: M6-M100 ndi zotalika mosiyanasiyana

Other Mukhozanso kalasi:

ASTM A193 / A193M B7, B7M, B16 ,  B8 Maphunziro 1 & 2, B8M Maphunziro 1 & 2,

ASTM A320 / A320M L7, L7M, L43, B8 Maphunziro 1 & 2, B8M Maphunziro 1 & 2, ndi zina zotero.

Mapeto: Plain, Black okusayidi, nthaka yokutidwa, nthaka faifi tambala yokutidwa, Cadmium yokutidwa, PTFE etc.

Wazolongedza: chochuluka pafupifupi 25 kgs lililonse katoni, 36 makatoni lililonse mphasa

Ubwino: High Quality ndi Mokhwima Control Quality, Mopikisana Price, pa nthawi yake Kutumiza; Luso Support, Malipoti Wonjezerani Mayeso

Khalani omasuka kuti alankhule nafe kuti mumve zambiri.

ASTM A193 Scope

Originally approved in 1936, this specification is heavily utilized in petroleum and chemical construction applications.  The ASTM standard covers alloy steel and stainless steel bolting materials for high temperature or high pressure service. This specification includes fasteners intended for use in pressure vessels, valves, flanges, and fittings. Although, this material is often available in national coarse (UNC) thread pitches, if being used in traditional applications, threads are specified 8 threads per inch (tpi) for diameters above one inch.

Below is a basic summary of a few of the common grades. ASTM A193 covers a number of other standard specifications not covered in this description including B5, B6, and B16.

Grades

B7

Alloy steel, AISI 4140/4142 quenched and tempered

B8

Class 1 Stainless steel, AISI 304, carbide solution treated.

B8M

Class 1 Stainless steel, AISI 316, carbide solution treated.

B8

Class 2 Stainless steel, AISI 304, carbide solution treated, strain hardened

B8M

Class 2 Stainless steel, AISI 316, carbide solution treated, strain hardened


Mechanical Properties

Grade

    Size

Tensile ksi, min

Yield, ksi, min

Elong, %, min

RA % min

B7

    Up to 2-1/2  

125

105

16

50

    2-5/8 – 4

115

95

16

50

    4-1/8 – 7

100

75

18

50

B8 Class 1

    All

75

30

30

50

B8M Class 1

    All

75

30

30

50

B8 Class 2

    Up to 3/4

125

100

12

35

    7/8 – 1

115

80

15

35

   1-1/8 – 1-1/4

105

65

20

35

   1-3/8 – 1-1/2

100

50

28

45

B8M Class 2

    Up to 3/4

110

95

15

45

   7/8 – 1

100

80

20

45

   1-1/8 – 1-1/4

95

65

25

45

   1-3/8 – 1-1/2

90

50

30

45


Recommended mtedza and 
washers

Bolt Grade

mtedza

washers

B7

A194 Grade 2H

F436

B8 Class 1

A194 Grade 8

SS304

B8M Class 1

A194 Grade 8M

SS316

B8 Class 2

A194 Grade 8

SS304

B8M Class 2

A194 Grade 8M

SS316


Strain hardened nuts available as a supplementary requirement

ASTM A320 / A320M L7 onse yamazinga sitadi akapichi

Aloyi zitsulo bolting zotengera kuthamanga, mavavu, flanges, ndi zovekera kwa utumiki otsika kutentha.

Standard: IFI-136, ASME B16.5, DIN976

Inchi Kukula: 1/4 "-2.1 / 2" ndi zotalika mosiyanasiyana

Chinkafunika Kukula: M6-M64 ndi zotalika mosiyanasiyana

Other Mukhozanso kalasi:

ASTM A193 / A193M B7, B7M, B16 B8 Maphunziro 1 & 2, B8M Maphunziro 1 & 2,

ASTM A320 / A320M L7, L7M, L43, B8 Maphunziro 1 & 2, B8M Maphunziro 1 & 2, ndi zina zotero.

Mapeto: Plain, Black okusayidi, nthaka yokutidwa, nthaka faifi tambala yokutidwa, Cadmium yokutidwa, PTFE etc.

Wazolongedza: chochuluka pafupifupi 25 kgs lililonse katoni, 36 makatoni lililonse mphasa

Ubwino: High Quality ndi Mokhwima Control Quality, Mopikisana Price, pa nthawi yake Kutumiza; Luso Support, Malipoti Wonjezerani Mayeso

Khalani omasuka kuti alankhule nafe kuti mumve zambiri.

ASTM A193 / A193M B7M onse  yamazinga sitadi akapichi

A lloy zitsulo bolting  for pressure vessels, valves, flanges, and fittings for high temperature or high pressure service, or other special purpose applications.

Standard: IFI-136, ASME B16.5, DIN976

Inchi Kukula: 1/4 "-4" ndi zotalika mosiyanasiyana

Chinkafunika Kukula: M6-M100 ndi zotalika mosiyanasiyana

Other Mukhozanso kalasi:

ASTM A193 / A193M B7, B7M, B16 B8 Maphunziro 1 & 2, B8M Maphunziro 1 & 2,

ASTM A320 / A320M L7, L7M, L43, B8 Maphunziro 1 & 2, B8M Maphunziro 1 & 2, ndi zina zotero.

Mapeto: Plain, Black okusayidi, nthaka yokutidwa, nthaka faifi tambala yokutidwa, Cadmium yokutidwa, PTFE etc.

Wazolongedza: chochuluka pafupifupi 25 kgs lililonse katoni, 36 makatoni lililonse mphasa

Ubwino: High Quality ndi Mokhwima Control Quality, Mopikisana Price, pa nthawi yake Kutumiza; Luso Support, Malipoti Wonjezerani Mayeso

Khalani omasuka kuti alankhule nafe kuti mumve zambiri.

ASTM A320 / A320M L7M onse yamazinga sitadi akapichi

Standard: IFI-136, ASME B16.5, DIN976

Inchi Kukula: 1/4 "-2.1 / 2" ndi zotalika mosiyanasiyana

Chinkafunika Kukula: M6-M64 ndi zotalika mosiyanasiyana

Other Mukhozanso kalasi:

ASTM A193 / A193M B7, B7M, B16 B8 Maphunziro 1 & 2, B8M Maphunziro 1 & 2,

ASTM A320 / A320M L7, L7M, L43, B8 Maphunziro 1 & 2, B8M Maphunziro 1 & 2, ndi zina zotero.

Mapeto: Plain, Black okusayidi, nthaka yokutidwa, nthaka faifi tambala yokutidwa, Cadmium yokutidwa, PTFE etc.

Wazolongedza: chochuluka pafupifupi 25 kgs lililonse katoni, 36 makatoni lililonse mphasa

Ubwino: High Quality ndi Mokhwima Control Quality, Mopikisana Price, pa nthawi yake Kutumiza; Luso Support, Malipoti Wonjezerani Mayeso

Khalani omasuka kuti alankhule nafe kuti mumve zambiri.

ASTM A193 / A193M B16 onse yamazinga sitadi akapichi

Aloyi zitsulo bolting zotengera kuthamanga, mavavu, flanges, ndi zovekera kwa kutentha kapena utumiki kuthamanga, kapena ena ntchito yapadera cholinga.

 

Standard: IFI-136, ASME B16.5, DIN976

Inchi Kukula: 1/4 "-4" ndi zotalika mosiyanasiyana

Chinkafunika Kukula: M6-M100 ndi zotalika mosiyanasiyana

Other Mukhozanso kalasi:

ASTM A193 / A193M B7, B7M, B16 B8 Maphunziro 1 & 2, B8M Maphunziro 1 & 2,

ASTM A320 / A320M L7, L7M, L43, B8 Maphunziro 1 & 2, B8M Maphunziro 1 & 2, ndi zina zotero.

Mapeto: Plain, Black okusayidi, nthaka yokutidwa, nthaka faifi tambala yokutidwa, Cadmium yokutidwa, PTFE etc.

Wazolongedza: chochuluka pafupifupi 25 kgs lililonse katoni, 36 makatoni lililonse mphasa

Ubwino: High Quality ndi Mokhwima Control Quality, Mopikisana Price, pa nthawi yake Kutumiza; Luso Support, Malipoti Wonjezerani Mayeso

Khalani omasuka kuti alankhule nafe kuti mumve zambiri.

Chrome yokutidwa A193 B7 yamazinga sitadi akapichi

API 6a Flange vavu Wellhead onse ulusi sitadi akapichi

Standard: IFI-136, ASME B16.5, DIN976

Inchi Kukula: 1/4 "-4" ndi zotalika mosiyanasiyana

Chinkafunika Kukula: M6-M100 ndi zotalika mosiyanasiyana

Other Mukhozanso kalasi:

ASTM A193 / A193M B7, B7M, B16, B8 Maphunziro 1 & 2, B8M Maphunziro 1 & 2,

ASTM A320 / A320M L7, L7M, L43, B8 Maphunziro 1 & 2, B8M Maphunziro 1 & 2, ndi zina zotero.

Mapeto: Plain, Black okusayidi, nthaka yokutidwa, nthaka faifi tambala yokutidwa, Cadmium yokutidwa, PTFE etc.

Wazolongedza: chochuluka pafupifupi 25 kgs lililonse katoni, 36 makatoni lililonse mphasa

Ubwino: High Quality ndi Mokhwima Control Quality, Mopikisana Price, pa nthawi yake Kutumiza; Luso Support, Malipoti Wonjezerani Mayeso

Khalani omasuka kuti alankhule nafe kuti mumve zambiri.

ASTM F436 F436M anaumitsa Zitsulo washers

Anaumitsa zozungulira, n'zometa zozungulira, ndi zopezeka-Pamavuto washers, Beveled washers

Chinkafunika Kukula: M12-M100 

Inchi Kukula: 1/4 "-4"

Zofunika kalasi: Kupyolera washers anaumitsa Adzapeza kuuma 38 kuti 45 HRC, kupatula pamene nthaka TACHIMATA ndi ndondomeko wosachedwa kuviika, zimene zinachitikira iwo Adzapeza kuuma 26 kuti 45 HRC.

washers chinkafunika ali oyenera kugwiritsa ntchito ndi fasteners anaphimba zofunika A 325M, A 490M, A 563M ndi fasteners magulu mfundo F 568 katundu 8,8 ndi apamwamba.

Inchi washers ali oyenera kugwiritsa ntchito ndi fasteners anaphimba zofunika A325, A 354, A 449, ndi 490.

Mapeto: Black okusayidi, nthaka yokutidwa, Hot kuviika kanasonkhezereka, Dacromet, ndi zina zotero

Wazolongedza: chochuluka pafupifupi 25 kgs lililonse katoni, 36 makatoni lililonse mphasa

Ubwino: High Quality ndi Mokhwima Control Quality, mtengo mpikisano,

yobereka pa nthawi yake; Luso thandizo, Malipoti Wonjezerani Mayeso

Khalani omasuka kuti alankhule nafe kuti mumve zambiri.

ASTM A193 / A193M B7 Dinani Mapeto Studs kawiri Mapeto Studs

API Flange vavu Wellhead Dinani Mapeto Studs

Aloyi zitsulo bolting zotengera kuthamanga, mavavu, flanges, ndi zovekera kwa kutentha kapena utumiki kuthamanga, kapena ena ntchito yapadera cholinga.

 

Standard: IFI-136, ASME B16.5

Inchi Kukula: 1/4 "-4" ndi zotalika mosiyanasiyana

Chinkafunika Kukula: M6-M100 ndi zotalika mosiyanasiyana

Other Mukhozanso kalasi:

ASTM A193 / A193M B7, B7M, B16 B8 Maphunziro 1 & 2, B8M Maphunziro 1 & 2,

ASTM A320 / A320M L7, L7M, L43, B8 Maphunziro 1 & 2, B8M Maphunziro 1 & 2, ndi zina zotero.

Mapeto: Plain, Black okusayidi, nthaka yokutidwa, nthaka faifi tambala yokutidwa, Cadmium yokutidwa, PTFE etc.

Wazolongedza: chochuluka pafupifupi 25 kgs lililonse katoni, 36 makatoni lililonse mphasa

Ubwino: High Quality ndi Mokhwima Control Quality, Mopikisana Price, pa nthawi yake Kutumiza; Luso Support, Malipoti Wonjezerani Mayeso

Khalani omasuka kuti alankhule nafe kuti mumve zambiri.

EN14399-5 Plain washers EN14399-6 Chamfered washers

Pakuti Mkulu Mphamvu kandalama Zitsulo Bolting

Kukula: M12-M36

Mapeto: Black okusayidi, nthaka yokutidwa, Hot kuviika kanasonkhezereka, Dacromet, ndi zina zotero

Wazolongedza: chochuluka pafupifupi 25 kgs lililonse katoni, 36 makatoni lililonse mphasa

Ubwino: High Quality ndi Mokhwima Control Quality, mtengo mpikisano, yobereka pa nthawi yake; luso thandizo, Malipoti Wonjezerani Mayeso

Khalani omasuka kuti alankhule nafe kuti mumve zambiri.

Din6916 Lathyathyathya Round washers Pakuti Mkulu Mphamvu kandalama Zitsulo Bolting

Kukula: M12-M36

Mapeto: Black okusayidi, nthaka yokutidwa, Hot kuviika kanasonkhezereka, Dacromet, ndi zina zotero

Wazolongedza: chochuluka pafupifupi 25 kgs lililonse katoni, 36 makatoni lililonse mphasa

Ubwino: High Quality ndi Mokhwima Control Quality, mtengo mpikisano, yobereka pa nthawi yake; Luso thandizo, Malipoti Wonjezerani Mayeso

Khalani omasuka kuti alankhule nafe kuti mumve zambiri.

ASTM A320 / A320M L7 Dinani Mapeto Studs kawiri Mapeto Studs

Standard: IFI-136, ASME B16.5

Inchi Kukula: 1/4 "-2.1 / 2" ndi zotalika mosiyanasiyana

Chinkafunika Kukula: M6-M64 ndi zotalika mosiyanasiyana

Other Mukhozanso kalasi:

ASTM A193 / A193M B7, B7M, B16 B8 Maphunziro 1 & 2, B8M Maphunziro 1 & 2,

ASTM A320 / A320M L7, L7M, L43, B8 Maphunziro 1 & 2, B8M Maphunziro 1 & 2, ndi zina zotero.

Mapeto: Plain, Black okusayidi, nthaka yokutidwa, nthaka faifi tambala yokutidwa, Cadmium yokutidwa, PTFE etc.

Wazolongedza: chochuluka pafupifupi 25 kgs lililonse katoni, 36 makatoni lililonse mphasa

Ubwino: High Quality ndi Mokhwima Control Quality, Mopikisana Price, pa nthawi yake Kutumiza; Luso Support, Malipoti Wonjezerani Mayeso

Khalani omasuka kuti alankhule nafe kuti mumve zambiri.

DIN127B Spring loko makina ochapira

Kukula: M4-M76

Various Zofunika Zitsulo ndi kalasi zilipo.

Mapeto: Black okusayidi, nthaka yokutidwa, Hot kuviika kanasonkhezereka, Dacromet, ndi zina zotero

Wazolongedza: chochuluka pafupifupi 25 kgs lililonse katoni, 36 makatoni lililonse mphasa

Ubwino: High Quality ndi Mokhwima Control Quality, mtengo mpikisano, yobereka pa nthawi yake; luso thandizo, Malipoti Wonjezerani Mayeso

Khalani omasuka kuti alankhule nafe kuti mumve zambiri.

ASTM A193 / A193M B7 kuphatikiza Studs Khwelero Down Studs

Aloyi zitsulo bolting zotengera kuthamanga, mavavu, flanges, ndi zovekera kwa kutentha kapena utumiki kuthamanga, kapena ena ntchito yapadera cholinga.

 

Standard: Malinga zojambula

Inchi Kukula: 1/4 "-4" ndi zotalika mosiyanasiyana

Chinkafunika Kukula: M6-M100 ndi zotalika mosiyanasiyana

Other Mukhozanso kalasi:

ASTM A193 / A193M B7, B7M, B16 B8 Maphunziro 1 & 2, B8M Maphunziro 1 & 2,

ASTM A320 / A320M L7, L7M, L43, B8 Maphunziro 1 & 2, B8M Maphunziro 1 & 2, ndi zina zotero.

Mapeto: Plain, Black okusayidi, nthaka yokutidwa, nthaka faifi tambala yokutidwa, Cadmium yokutidwa, PTFE etc.

Wazolongedza: chochuluka pafupifupi 25 kgs lililonse katoni, 36 makatoni lililonse mphasa

Ubwino: High Quality ndi Mokhwima Control Quality, Mopikisana Price, pa nthawi yake Kutumiza; Luso Support, Malipoti Wonjezerani Mayeso

Khalani omasuka kuti alankhule nafe kuti mumve zambiri.

DIN125A Lathyathyathya washers

Kukula: M4-M160

Various Zofunika Zitsulo ndi kalasi zilipo.

Mapeto: Black okusayidi, nthaka yokutidwa, Hot kuviika kanasonkhezereka, Dacromet, ndi zina zotero

Wazolongedza: chochuluka pafupifupi 25 kgs lililonse katoni, 36 makatoni lililonse mphasa

Ubwino: High Quality ndi Mokhwima Control Quality, mtengo mpikisano, yobereka pa nthawi yake; luso thandizo, Malipoti Wonjezerani Mayeso

Khalani omasuka kuti alankhule nafe kuti mumve zambiri.

USS ndi US Standard washers.

SAE washers amapangidwa kutsatira Society of Automotive Akatswiri specifications. Iwo ali od ang'onoang'ono ndi gauges n'kakang'ono kuposa makulidwe awo mnzake wa US Standard washers.

Gawo: ANSI B18.22.1

Kukula: 1/4 "-1.1 / 2"

Various Zofunika Zitsulo ndi kalasi zilipo.

Mapeto: Black okusayidi, nthaka yokutidwa, Hot kuviika kanasonkhezereka, Dacromet, ndi zina zotero

Wazolongedza: chochuluka pafupifupi 25 kgs lililonse katoni, 36 makatoni lililonse mphasa

Ubwino: High Quality ndi Mokhwima Control Quality, mtengo mpikisano, yobereka pa nthawi yake; Luso thandizo, Malipoti Wonjezerani Mayeso

Khalani omasuka kuti alankhule nafe kuti mumve zambiri.

ASTM A320 / A320M L7 kuphatikiza Studs

Standard: Malinga zojambula

Inchi Kukula: 1/4 "-2.1 / 2" ndi zotalika mosiyanasiyana

Chinkafunika Kukula: M6-M64 ndi zotalika mosiyanasiyana

Other Mukhozanso kalasi:

ASTM A193 / A193M B7, B7M, B16 B8 Maphunziro 1 & 2, B8M Maphunziro 1 & 2,

ASTM A320 / A320M L7, L7M, L43, B8 Maphunziro 1 & 2, B8M Maphunziro 1 & 2, ndi zina zotero.

Mapeto: Plain, Black okusayidi, nthaka yokutidwa, nthaka faifi tambala yokutidwa, Cadmium yokutidwa, PTFE etc.

Wazolongedza: chochuluka pafupifupi 25 kgs lililonse katoni, 36 makatoni lililonse mphasa

Ubwino: High Quality ndi Mokhwima Control Quality, Mopikisana Price, pa nthawi yake Kutumiza; Luso Support, Malipoti Wonjezerani Mayeso

Khalani omasuka kuti alankhule nafe kuti mumve zambiri.

ASME B18.21.1 Spring loko washers  Kam'nyanja loko washers

Gawo: ANSI B18.21.1

Various Zofunika Zitsulo ndi kalasi zilipo.

Mapeto: Black okusayidi, nthaka yokutidwa, Hot kuviika kanasonkhezereka, Dacromet, ndi zina zotero

Wazolongedza: chochuluka pafupifupi 25 kgs lililonse katoni, 36 makatoni lililonse mphasa

Ubwino: High Quality ndi Mokhwima Control Quality, mtengo mpikisano, yobereka pa nthawi yake; luso thandizo, Malipoti Wonjezerani Mayeso

Khalani omasuka kuti alankhule nafe kuti mumve zambiri.